Did you know that each year, 17 million barrels of oil are used to produce water bottles? Or that only 1 in 5 water bottles are recycled, leaving the other 80% of water bottles to create 3 billion pounds of waste? Many of us tend to overlook the impact that such an accessible necessity leaves on both our environment and our personal health. Water, being a colorless, odorless substance, makes it impossible for the naked eye to determine many contaminants. Our goal is to educate the masses on how these contaminants behave, and how they impact us and our communities.
One of the many visually undetectable contaminants that could be present in your tap water is lead. During the early creation of the underground system, lead was commonly used to create pipes for water transport. Low and behold, as technology advanced, it was discovered that lead exposure (specifically when ingested) can cause detrimental developmental issues in children. Because of the recent Flint Water Crisis in 2015, people in Flint are avoiding basic hygiene, such as washing hands and bathing. Avoiding these things is making many people sick because ignorance of basic hygienic needs creates a breeding ground for bacteria, putting the health of entire fear-stricken communities at risk. By testing our water for lead, we can locate the areas in which lead pipes are still present, and determine where to take the next steps against public lead poisoning.
The level of pH present in a water sample is a measure of the number of hydronium ions present. Hydronium, or H3O+, is often abbreviated as H+. The pH level is measured on a scale from 1 to 14, 1 being the most acidic and 14 being the most basic.If the water is too basic or too acidic, it has the potential to create many health issues. A safe range of pH is from 6.5 to 8.5, 7 being an exact neutral. pH levels can be dangerous for multiples reasons, the first being that a pH imbalance will often facilitate an imbalance in coliform or lead. Another reason why pH levels are dangerous is if your cells encounter a radical pH change, such as encountering a substance with a pH of 12 (like bleach), the proteins in your cells can become denatured, or unfold and fail to do the things that they are designed to do. This causes your body to essentially, shut down.
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